Coconut oil is high in healthy saturated fats that have different effects than most other fats in your diet. Fats in coconut oil are known as medium chain triglycerides (MCTs). When you eat these types of fats, they go straight to the liver, where they are used as a quick source of energy or turned into ketones. Ketones can have powerful benefits for the brain, and are being studied as treatment for epilepsy, Alzheimer’s and other conditions. The best known therapeutic application of this diet is treating drug-resistant epilepsy in children.